Closure of oro-antral fistula with pedicled buccal fat pad. A case report and review of literature
W. L. Adeyemo, M.O. Ogunlewe, A.L. Ladeinde, O. James
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria
Objectives: Chronic oro-antral fistula following dental extraction is not uncommon. Application of pedicled buccal fat pad (BFP) in the repair of the fistula is rather uncommon in our environment. This article demonstrates the use of BFP in the repair of chronic oro-antral fistula. Methods: A case of a chronic oro-antral fistula of 5- year duration in a 56- year old man successfully repaired with pedicled buccal fat pad after unsuccessful several attempts with other local flaps is presented. A review of relevant literature using MEDLINE is also presented. Results: Complete epithelization of the pedicled BFP was observed after 4 weeks with no postoperative complication. Conclusion: Pedicled buccal fat pad is a reliable flap for the repair of oro-antral fistula. The easy mobilization of the BFP and its excellent blood supply and minimal donor site morbidity makes it an ideal flap. It should also be considered as a reliable back-up procedure in the event of failure of other techniques.
Key words: Closure; oro-antral fistula; buccal fat pad.